The Outer

Official data reveal India’s achievements in alleviating poverty

By Manal Abdel Fattah

The Indian government’s recently released official consumer expenditure data for 2022/23 has revealed India’s achievements in poverty alleviation.

According to a statement issued by the Indian Embassy in Cairo, these data show that the number of people living in extreme poverty has decreased from 12.2% in 2011/2012 to 2% in 2022/2023.

To further highlight this achievement, these estimates do not take into account free or subsidized food items, such as wheat and rice, which the government provides to about two-thirds of the population, nor use of public health and education services.

Despite the real and significant increase in per capita consumption of 2.9% annually since 2011/12, India has also managed to reduce rates of economic inequality.

These data, especially with regard to rural areas, also highlight the success of poverty alleviation programs implemented by the Government of India under the auspices of Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi.

According to the statement, the government in India has moved to focus strongly on redistributing resources and income, and ensuring that all citizens have access to modern cooking fuel, electricity, piped water, housing, health care, and financial inclusion services, and official data reveal the great success achieved by the programs.

India is the largest country in terms of population, the seventh largest country in terms of area, and the most densely populated in the world, with a population exceeding 1.410 billion people. It is bordered by the Indian Ocean to the south, the Arabian Sea to the southwest, and the Bay of Bengal to the southeast, and shares land borders. With Pakistan to the west; China, Nepal and Bhutan to the north; Bangladesh and Myanmar to the east, located near Sri Lanka and the Maldives in the Indian Ocean, and the Andaman and Nicobar Islands share maritime borders with Thailand and Indonesia.

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