The Outer

The Sultanate of Oman seeks to enhance the water sustainability of its resources for future generations

By Manal Abdel Fattah

The Sultanate of Oman joined the world in celebrating Water Day, which bore the title (Water for Peace), which the world chose to celebrate World Water Day this year, which falls on March 22 of each year.

Oman is classified among the countries with limited water resources, which are located within the belt of arid and semi-arid regions, where rain is the main source of water resources. The average annual rainfall rate is 100 mm, and the amounts of surface water flow are estimated at about one billion and fifty million cubic meters per year.

Part of it leaks into groundwater reservoirs, and the bulk of it is lost into the sea and desert, which is what makes it make great efforts to enhance its water capacity by constructing dams, maintaining falaj, and establishing rain seeding stations to strengthen groundwater reservoirs and reduce the risk of floods.

The number of dams in the country is (186). ) A dam with a total storage capacity of (346) million cubic metres, and (13) rain seeding stations.

This year’s celebration carried a symbolic significance of the shortage of water resources the world is witnessing, to the point that it has become one of the most dangerous causes for global security and peace. Water is the focus of all life, and it is a natural resource on which all economies in the world are based.

Therefore, it is not surprising that the world in its current situation will witness a link between the abundance of water and conflicts over it in the near future.

The effective and sustainable management of water resources has become a matter of great importance in our contemporary world, and international organizations and bodies are seeking to develop plans to save water in order to reduce competition for it, which It directly affects the establishment of peace.

The Sultanate of Oman seeks to obtain water through unconventional sources, such as the 92 desalination plants that produce a capacity of 1.65 million cubic meters per day. And the sewage stations, which are estimated at (67) stations, and their production capacity is estimated at (309) thousand cubic meters per day, with the aim of covering the water needs of all sectors, most notably the agricultural sector, which is the largest consumer of water by (80) percent.

The number of falaj in all governorates of the Sultanate of Oman is (4173) falaj, and the percentage of modern irrigation systems reaches about (48) percent of the cultivated areas. It also seeks to modernize the systems and legislation for water management, especially with the changes and developments in population growth and their impact on providing energy needs and water supplies.

Water and food to achieve food and water security.

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